What is a computer motherboard?

All vital internal components of a computer system are connected to a rectangular flat circuit board known as a computer motherboard. If the CPU is known as the "brains" of the computer, the motherboard can be considered the "heart". In computer terminology, a motherboard is also called a logic board, mainboard, or system board. Usually abbreviated as "mobo" or MB.

Although the motherboard does not increase the speed of the computer, it is one of the most important parts of the computer because it connects all the components that allow the computer system to operate. If you are buying an open system, it will always come with a motherboard that acts as the backbone or backbone on which other computer components can be installed.

Most computer internal components are directly connected to the motherboard via sockets or slots. The motherboard may have an Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) that can be used to connect an AGP video card, PCI peripherals to PCI video cards, network cards, and integrated electronics drive interfaces (IDE) for hard drives and optical drives. The computer motherboard also contains several ports for external peripherals such as screen, printer, keyboard, mouse, speakers, and removable devices.

The computer component may be included in the motherboard. Some examples are integrated sound cards, graphics cards, or network interface cards (NICs). A built-in computer component may be disabled in favor of a more robust version.

In particular, the computer's motherboard has a socket that can accommodate a specific type of CPU. Some motherboards can only support AMD CPUs while others are only compatible with Intel processors. There is still no motherboard that can support all types of CPUs.

The computer motherboard also contains the North Bridge chipset and the South Bridge chipset. The north bridge connects the hard drive and RAM to the motherboard while the south bridge connects other computer components such as video cards and sound cards to the motherboard.

In addition, the motherboard contains a BIOS chip that checks computers such as the power supply and hard drives for malfunctions. After performing its hardware scan, the BIOS chip turns on the computer's CPU. When you boot up your computer, the BIOS is the first program that is run by a computer before it takes you to Windows or your favorite operating system.

The computer's motherboard also includes a real-time battery-powered clock chip that identifies the time. That is why they can still tell the time correctly even if they haven't seen any use in weeks or months.

Simply put, the motherboard functions as a hub where the CPU, RAM, hard disk drive, optical drive, graphics card, sound card and other computers can mix and mingle!

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