Copyright Part Three: The work of authorship

The U.S. Copyright Office designates copyright protection for "… original works of authors fixed in any tangible medium of expression, now known or developed later …" (see 17 USC § 102 (a)). There are basically three parts to protection: (1) being an authorship, which we explore in more detail here, (2) original, and (3) fixed in the concrete medium of expression. The law provides a non-exhaustive list of articles protected as "authorship". Here, we clarify literary works a little and delve into some mysterious areas of copyright protection.

story characters The original to your literary, drama or motion picture is subject to protection. If one wants to copy the main features of your story characters, a lot of dialogue, and a series of detailed actions for your story, including gestures, then your copyright has been violated.

Computer Programs , Included in the protection of literary works, inherently functional. However, you may still have "protectable nuggets" ( Computer Associates International v. Altai ). The first step is to define the structure of a computer program by downward levels. Filter objects, such as items toward efficiency and parts from the public domain, that will not get copyright protection. You can also filter out non-original materials, such as code or algorithms that have been copied from others, that will not be protectable by you. If there are "protectable nuggets", find a lawyer for help.

Graphic and graphics Using the same point of view as you, similarly coloring the sky, copying the details of the buildings you originally created, and copying other specific expressive elements, violate your copyrights. The work may be functional and still enjoy protected creative expression. For example, a protected expression can be separated from the mask from its unprotected function.

Useful articles , Which are not specifically designed for exclusive use, you will get copyright protection. For example, there was no copyright protection for a sculptor bike stand design ( Brandir International v. Cascade Pacific Lumber ). Examples of "unhelpful" articles include a toy plane or board. Likewise, although people use computer programs, maps, and watches, they are still "unhelpful" articles within the meaning of the platform, because each of them transmits information.

Derived works , Which are works based on one or more preexisting works, are subject to protection up to the material contributed by the author of the derivative work. The derivative work may rely on a copyrighted work (such as a derivative parody of a workbook) or a public domain workbook (such as a derivative of the novel) Pride and prejudice ). Subtitles, musical arrangement, acting, fiction, animation, sound recording, reproduction of artwork, abbreviation, condensation, or any other form of original work are derivative works. Other examples include editorial reviews, musicals, novel translations, a sequel to a movie, and country arrangement for a rock song.


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